Low back pain is located from the belt line and 30 cm above and into the buttocks. Sometimes the back pain is accompanied by referred pain to groin and legs.
The lower back has 5 vertebrae. Each bony vertebra has two joints separated by a disc which acts as a spacer and shock absorber for the spine which is supported by ligaments and muscles. A nerve exits at each vertebra level in the spine.
Back pain results when one or combination of the above structures are injured and inflamed, which can result in a trapped nerve e.g. sciatica.
Leg pain can occur when the disc protrudes and irritates the nerve
Strenuous activity that often includes a combination of bending, twisting and lifting can cause the inner gel of the disc to bulge on to the nerve.
If the nerve is irritated or trapped, pain, numbness, pins and needles can be felt in the leg, calf or foot depending on which nerve is trapped. Sciatica is the most common condition which produces pain down the back of the leg and femoralgia produces pain in front of the leg.
Physiotherapists specialise in the diagnosis, management and treatment of painful conditions that affect the joints of the spine, arms and legs, as well as the associated muscles, ligaments and surrounding structures.
Chiropractors specialise in the diagnosis and treatment of painful physical conditions that are caused by poor mechanical working of the joints, and their associated ligaments, muscles, discs and nerves.
Podiatrists specialise in conditions of the internal structure of the foot and lower limb. Misalignment in the foot can cause pain in the foot, ankle and knee and associated muscles. It may affect the way you walk.
Chiropodists specialise in the external structures of the foot; this may include the treatment of conditions such as corns, bunions, and ingrown toenails.
Massage Therapists specialise in the treatment of painful conditions of the body using a variety of manual techniques, focussing on the joints and muscles.
At the House Clinics we prescribe bespoke exercise programmes for you, straight to your smart phone, iPad or PC on video.